Respuesta al Test 200

By Ana Roth • 26 abril, 2012

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 Gracias John!!!

John Carruthers

Queridos Fernando y Ana: Felicitaciones por el número 200! Eso es ser viejo!!! a pesar que ninguno de ustedes parecen un día mas de 40 años. Para sus lectores, aquí les mando unos test de manos jugadas en el Spring NABC in Memphis y así celebrar este hito!:

Test Número 200

1.   Este es un complejo problema de subasta.

 IMPs. Dador Este. Nadie Vul.  UD esta en Oeste y recibe:

        J 10 4

        A K J 10

        A K Q 3

      A 5

  Oeste        Norte       Este           Sur

—              —                     1             Paso

1              Paso            11           Paso

2              Paso           2NT           Paso

?

1.   Promete 5 tréboles y 4cartas de espadas con manos equilibradas subastan sin triunfo.

  ¿Cuál es su plan de subasta?           

Solucion:

1.     J 10 4                      

        A K J 10                  

        A K Q 3                  

      A 5                          

  Luego de la voz de 2NT ahora Usted sabe un poco más acerca de la mano de su compañero: él debe tener una 4=3=1=5 con la Dama de corazón entre sus tenencias. (quizás 4=2=2=5 si él decidió subastar 2NT en lugar de 3).

Él no puede tener cuatro cartas de corazón, de lo contrario hubiera subastado 1 en vez de 1. UD seguramente tiene grandes posibilidades de ganar 6NT, pero ¿Algún Gran Slam es posible? .

Seguro lo es, se puede jugar en corazón pensando en fallar un diamante!  Si el tiene el  K y la Q y el A y el K su tercera carta de espadas puede irse en los tréboles, además si él tuviera también el J en ese caso solo necesitaríamos el   A.

Aquí otra posibilidad: Que su compañero tenga el A el K y la Q y que su palo de trébol solo esté encabezado por la Q, en ese caso su perdedora de trébol puede ser descartada en la cuarta carta de espadas. ¿Qué contrato desea UD jugar? Y..

¿Cómo piensa obtener durante la subasta, la información que necesita?

Las posibilidades son:

     i.      As-Rey de espadas y Rey-Dama de trébol (descartando una espada perdedora sobre la Dama de trébol)-

    ii.      As de Espadas y Rey-Dama-Valet de trébol (no se necesita fallar ningun diamante – se ganan 7NT si el trébol no está 5/1 o 6/0. 

   iii.      As-Rey-Damas de espadas (descartando la perdedora de trébol en la cuarta espada)

Veamos las manos suya y de su compañero:

1      J 10 4                  A K Q 3

        A K J 10              Q 7 6

        A K Q 3                4

      A 5                        Q J 9 6 2

La voz clave que definirá la subasta es la siguiente. Si UD elige la voz de 3 en un intento de sugerir el corazón como palo de triunfo, es probable que la siguiente voz de su compañero sea 3NT.

Si su elección es la boz de 3 o 3  proponiendo ese palo como triunfo (espadas o trébol) conviniendo ese palo como el triunfo, posteriormente UD puede utilizas la RKCB para encontrar la relevante Dama de triunfo y las cartas llaves.

De acuerdo a las respuestas que UD reciba puede ir planeando jugar 6NT o 7 supongamos que UD escoge el trébol y la subasta sería la siguiente:

Oeste        Norte       Este           Sur

—              —                1             Paso

1              Paso           1             Paso

2              Paso           2NT           Paso

3              Paso           3             Paso

4NT            Paso           5             Paso

5NT            Paso           6 (o 6 o 6)

  Si su compañero subasta 6, negando cualquier extra en su mano, UD cierra la subasta en 6NT.

  Sería muy peligroso seguir la subasta con la voz de 6, quizás su compañero pueda interpretar esta voz como una búsqueda de gran slam en trébol, pidiendo control de tercera vuelta en el palo de corazón.

  Sobre la otra mano, si su compañero muestra el K subastando 6 o 6 dependiendo de los métodos que utilice la pareja. Suponiendo que él sepa las contestaciones sobre la voz de 5NT, UD puede subastar tranquilo 7 con la confianza que estarán tendidos sobre la mesa.

Si sobre la voz de 4NT el hubiera subastado 5 UD hubiera cerrado la subasta en 6NT. El problema será que Este no sabe que teniendo K Q J quintos asegura las 13 bazas en corazón.

Su compañero espera que UD complete su palo de trébol con los honores que a él le faltan así que la tenencia de Rey-Dama le parecerá lo suficientemente buena, en fin UD hizo el esfuerzo.

En mi opinión, acordar el fit en el palo de espadas es mayor por dos razones: (i.) el necesita menos en el palo de espadas para ganar el gran slam, la subasta ideal sería:

Oeste        Norte       Este           Sur

—              —                    1             Paso

1              Paso           1              Paso

2              Paso           2NT           Paso

3              Paso           4              Paso

4NT           Paso            5              Paso

7              Paso           Pass            Paso

Si su compañero subasta otra cosa que no sea 5 (o 5) UD subasta 6NT, sin embargo sobre 5 UD puede seguir investigando con la voz de 5NT dándole la posibilidad a su compañero de subastar 7 si su palo es bien cerrado.

Si su respuesta es 6 mostrando el K UD deberá tomar la decisión si corre el riesgo de jugar siete esperando que su compañero tenga además del rey de trébo As-Rey de espadas. En realidad todos estuvimos alguna vez peor que esto.

Sin embargo hay que correr un riesgo al apoyar el palo de espadas, UD corre el peligro que su compañero no interprete la voz de 7 y corrija a 7 amparándose en la seguridad del fit aceptado previamente.

El puede interpretar que UD le esta ofreciendo un elección, quizás resuelva subastar 7NT, eligiendo el palo de trébol para llevar adelanta la pesquisa de la mano, siempre se puede corregir a corazón que tiene un mayor rango.

Como UD puede ver 7 es un excelente contrato, 7NT no tanto, e iniciar la pesquisa eligiendo el palo de espadas fue la decisión acertada.

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